Weighing up to 400 pounds with distinctive markings behind its eyes, the humphead wrasse is an endangered reef fish. They can live for 30 years, grow to 2 meters in length, and weigh as much as a motorcycle. Fishery-dependent and trade-related data suggest a 10-fold or greater decline over the last 10 to 15 years in heavily exploited areas such as Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. There are between 2,500 and 4,000 Sri Lankan elephants left in the wild on the island just south of India. Hippos are classified as vulnerable because of poaching — they are hunted for their meat and teeth — and shrinking habitats. In 2004, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which sets the conservation status of species, upgraded the fish from vulnerable to endangered. (15) The Wrasse is listed as an endangered species due to its fast decline in number. For the app to have a real impact on the illegal trade, Hong Kong would need to have enough inspectors at its ports to photograph each imported live wrasse to register in the appâs database. Also known as Napoleon wrasses, these giants are things of beauty, with diamond patterning, varying green, blue, and yellow scales, and distinctive âeyelashesââblack diagonal lines behind each eye. The Hong Kong government needs to make more effort to educate and raise awareness among the public, the hospitality industry, and seafood traders, Sadovy says. Credit: Vishal Bhatnagar/NurPhoto/Getty Images. It is also known as the Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, Napoleonfish, so mei 蘇眉 (Cantonese), mameng (Filipino), and merer in the Pohnpeian language of the Caroline Islands. Credit: Markus Heine/Picture Alliance/Getty Images. At present, the Hong Kong Customs and Excise Department is more intent on checking vessels suspected of carrying drugs or goods such as cigarettes, smuggled in to avoid customs duties, than illegal wildlife, says Sophie le Clue, environment director with the Hong Kong-based nonprofit ADM Capital Foundation. … Credit: Anuwar Ali Hazarika/Barcroft Media/Future Publishing/Getty Images. Check out this endangered species, the Humphead Wrasse!! This flood of humpheads into the market has made enforcement even more difficult, both because of the sheer number of fish and because thereâs no way to distinguish between wild and ranched humpheads. Credit: Bernd Wastneck/ZB/Picture Alliance/Getty Images. Just 1,409 wild dogs still roam the African continent. Pollution and non-native predators are also challenges for the big lizards, and when all three problems occur at the same time, their numbers can get dangerously low. Status: Endangered Average Length: 6 feet Average Weight: over 400 pounds This very unique looking fish is the largest fish that inhabits coral reefs. Fishery-dependent and trade-related data suggest a 10-fold or greater decline over the last 10 to 15 years in heavily exploited areas such as Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The humphead wrasse, which can grow up to six feet long, is considered a luxury food in parts of Asia. For coral-reef ecosystems, this fish is also in hot demand. In the last few decades, however, forests on the island have been cleared out in favor of oil palm plantations, restricting these great apes to the northernmost portion of the island. Overfishing has driven their population decline. A licence to possess the fish and a record of sale must be kept by traders in Hong Kong. The current population numbers for this subspecies are unknown. Online trading platforms such as the Chinese ecommerce sites TMall and Taobao can facilitate illicit trade, Sadovy says. Petition to List the Humphead Wrasse under the Endangered Species Act 1 ! Fewer than 2,000 of these birds remain in the wild. Scientists estimate that there are between 10,000 and 50,000 of the apes left in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The species is much sought after, particularly as a live export for the restaurant industry. Theyâre considered a luxury food in Hong Kong, where per capita fish consumption is among the highest in the world, according to the marine environmental nonprofit Bloom Hong Kong. Illegal fishing practices in Mexico's Gulf of California have driven the species to the brink of extinction. The Humphead Wrasse is a carnivorous creature that eats during the day. 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